Umbrella Programme for Development of Scheduled Tribes.

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The Ministry executes the Scheduled Caste Sub-Plan (SCSP) under this program, which is an umbrella approach to ensure a flow of targeted financial and physical advantages for Scheduled Castes from all general sectors of development. States/UTs must include a Special Component Plan (SCP) for Scheduled Castes in their Annual Plans and earmark resources to implement it. Schedules Caste Sub-Plan is now being implemented in 27 States/UTs with significant SC populations.

The Scheme’s Objective

The major goal is to offer a boost to family-oriented economic development schemes for SCs living in poverty by giving resources to cover important gaps and provide missing vital inputs so that the schemes can be more effective.

Because the schemes/programs for SCs may vary depending on the local occupational pattern and economic activities, the States/UTs have been given complete flexibility in implementing SCA, with the caveat that it must be used in conjunction with SCP and other resources available from other sources such as corporations, financial institutions, and so on.

Within the broad framework of the scheme, the State Government has been allowed flexibility in choosing which schemes to implement from Special Central Assistance.

Assistance from the central government

The Special Government Assistance (SCA) to Scheduled Castes Sub Plan (SCSP) is a central initiative in which States/UTs receive a 100 percent grant as an add-on to their Scheduled Castes Sub Plan (SCSP).

During the 1970s, the government launched the Special Component Plan (SCP) and the Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) as intervention measures to cater exclusively to Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST). Tribes (ST) and so on.

These schemes are designed to ensure that these privileged groups receive advantages by securing proportion to the size of all associated development sectors at the state and federal levels a percentage of their respective populations.

The Indian government also provides Special Central Assistance (SCA) to states and union territories.

(The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment contributes 100 percent of the SCP and TSP.) SCA to SCP as an addition to SCP to States/UTs) under the Central Sector Scheme.

SCP’s name has now been changed to Scheduled Castes Sub-Plan (SCSP), which is similar to TSP. SCSP’s strategy entails significant interventions within the planning process for Scheduled Castes’ social, educational, and economic growth, as well as improvements in their working and living conditions.

The TSP method envisions integrated development of tribal areas, in which all programs, regardless of funding source, work together to achieve the aim of bringing (tribal) areas up to level with the rest of the state and improving tribal quality of life.

It aims to implement family-oriented income-generating programs, eliminate exploitation, develop human resources through education and training, and improve infrastructure.

Guidelines issued by the Planning Commission for the formulation, implementation, and monitoring of SCP and TSP emphasize, among other things, earmarking funds for SCP and TSP in proportion to the population of SC and ST, creating dedicated units for proper implementation, and separate budget-head/sub-heads for making funds non-divertible, and conditional approval for plans of Central Ministries/Departments/State Governments on adherence to SCP & TSP implementation. SCP and TSP are reviewed and monitored regularly by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, respectively.

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