The Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised technology in village areas also known as the SVAMITVA scheme and was launched by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj. For the purpose of economic use, the scheme aims at providing the residents of villages or rural people with the right to document their residential properties so that they can use them later on. Via the use of Drone Technology, the scheme aims at surveying the land parcels in rural inhabited areas. In a phase-wise manner, the survey will be conducted across the entire country between the period of 2020-2025. It is proposed to be a Central Sector scheme with a project outlay of Rs. 79.65 crores for the first phase between FY 2020-21.
Objectives behind SVAMITVA
- To reduce all rural property-related issues, disputes and settle down legal cases that are due to be ruled upon or pending investigation.
- To create a survey infrastructure and Geographic Mapping System that can be then leveraged by any department for relevant use.
- It aims at bringing financial stability to the citizens that reside in rural India by offering them access to the use of their property as a financial asset to take loans against and other financial benefits.
- It aims at creating accurate land records for rural planning and infrastructure development.
- It aims at helping in determining property tax, which would then accrue to the GPs directly in the States where it is developed or else, add to the State exchequer.
- To support the preparation of a better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) by making use of GIS maps.
Expectations from the Scheme
The scheme is supposed to help in the registry and issuance of property cards to property owners by updating record-of-rights in the revenue/property registers. This would help in kickstarting a process of monetization of rural residential assets for credit and other financial services. This would also pave the way for the clear determination of property tax, which would then accrue to the GPs leading to better civic amenities.
Coverage under the Scheme
About 6.62 lakh villages in India are aimed to be covered under the Scheme. The work is spread over a period of 5 years. The pilot phase is scheduled to be run between 2020-21. The pilot phase extends to the sex states of Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand) . approximately 1 lakh villages are covered here. For the States that have already completed the Abadi surveys, the process and the scope of the survey will be decided in Phase in consultation with the States and SoI.
The second phase will include full coverage of nearly 6.62 lakh villages in India and the establishment of an extensive CORS network with 567 CORS stations.
The stakeholders in the scheme would include Local district authorities, property owners, Survey of India. State Panchayat Raj Department, National Informatics Centre, State Revenue Department, Nodal Ministry ( Ministry Of Panchayati Raj), Government Of India,