The Government of India’s main program for achieving the Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time-bound manner is the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is required by the 86th amendment to the Indian Constitution, which makes free and fair elections possible.
The right to compulsory education for children from 6 to 14 years is a fundamental right.
The Government of India’s Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) is the anchor.
The SSA (Social Security Administration) Program Since 2000-2001, the SSA has been in existence. As time goes on, the changes made by the Right to Education (RTE) Act of 20091 have been included in the SSA strategy. In addition to strategy, there are also conventions to consider.
SSA is funded by the federal and state governments and covers the following areas:
The whole country SSA currently serves 192 million children, with a population of 1.1 million.
The habitations are being served. The success of SSA is dependent on the participation of its members. At each stage of the program’s implementation, the system encourages community participation and monitoring.
The Scheme’s Objective
The primary goal of SSA is to achieve UEE in the country. Its broad objectives include universal access and retention, closing the gender and social class inequities in education, and improving children’s learning levels. These goals are achieved by targeted interventions that adhere to the legally established norms and standards, as well as the free entitlements outlined in the Right to Education Act of 2009 and subsequent Model Rules.
Different interventions are specified under the basic objectives, and the functional and financial procedures are detailed in the SSA framework for execution. The program allows states to establish state-specific implementation guidelines that are broadly consistent with the framework.
The Financial Resources and Funds Flow
SSA is envisioned as a collaboration between the federal government and state and local governments. The funds are given after the PAB approves the plan based on the proposal of the Committee established by the State and National Mission for that purpose. The monies are released by the Central Government based on the State Government’s pledge to contribute. The Ministry has published a document that explains the financial management and plans.
Before the next installment is released or the fund is used up, the state-society must submit the Utilization Certificate (UC) to the national mission. Before the release of the succeeding year’s second installments, the UC must be submitted for the Second Instalment.
A checklist of the parameters is provided below to allow the District Collector to review the progress. The information would be accessible through the School Report Card Reports Portal21.
Customized reports can be prepared at the district level using the criteria provided below to track project status and progress.
Preparation of the three-year School Development Plan (SDP), at least three months before the conclusion of the fiscal year, with an emphasis on the following:
- Provide all school-level interventions; – Include available Household-level surveys for prioritizing interventions; and include class-by-class enrolment estimates.
- Determine the budget for the next three years, as well as teacher and infrastructural requirements for each class.
- Determine any additional financial requirements to comply with the RTE Act’s requirements.